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GEOGRAPHY & SCIENCE VR CASE STUDY: Ocean: Coral Reefs (Age 11+)

ANGARI Foundation & Academy of the Holy Names, FL, USA

“Using Virtual Reality and 360 film, 3D printed and fossil coral specimens and related lessons, students were introduced to corals and reef ecosystems in preparation for a field trip to the Florida Keys. This served as important pre-learning and pre-exposure to these concepts, as it was the majority of students’ first exposure to the topic. It helped students understand what to expect in the field, provided a solid foundation for deeper learning, and served as a springboard for discussions about the subject area.”

ANGARI Foundation Dr Amanda Waite

Dr Amanda Waite
ANGARI Foundation(USA)

ANGARI Foundation Megan Hendrickson

Megan Hendrickson
ANGARI Foundation(USA)


First, students were introduced to corals, the reefs they form, and their local reef tract. The students were then given the opportunity to explore corals and reefs independently through a series of observation-oriented stations. At one station, the students accompanied coral scientists on a research expedition, both above and below water, via viewing of the 360 film Generation Ocean: Coral Reefs in Virtual Reality. The remaining stations asked the students to examine, draw/describe, and identify modern and fossil coral skeletons. The students were asked to compare what they learned of ancient and modern corals and the environmental history of Florida to better understand how Florida coral reefs have changed through time.


The students were engaged, asked thoughtful questions, and readily drew connections to other topics that they’d covered in their courses. Their lab notebook pages demonstrated a strong attention to detail and accurate application of the introduced coral vocabulary. The Virtual Reality expedition helped the students understand and anticipate what they would see and experience underwater on the reef. This alleviated student apprehension about entering the water and resulted in a cohort of students that was eager to get into the field and apply what they’d learned. Once in the field, the students were immediately engaged and were able to make coral identifications while snorkelling in an unfamiliar environment


VR Subject: Geography
  • To identify corals as animals and recognize their common forms.
  • To describe how corals form reefs and understand reef composition and features.
  • To explain a coral reef’s geographical, societal, and scientific importance.

Playlist: Underwater

VR Education Playlist Underwater

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